Italian “Carabinieri” plumed parade hat
The Carabinieri Corps was created on July 13, 1814, by resolution of Vittorio Emanuele I, which established a corps of mounted or foot soldiers armed with carbines. The uniform has remained basically unchanged since 1848, although the cockade and tri-color were amended when Italy became a republic. The plume is for parade use, but you still see them on the streets of Rome on occasion. Many thanks for George in Oregon for sending me this one.

Carabinieri in Rome. Photo courtesy of the Italian Tourist Agency.